1 Then I saw in the right hand of the One seated on the throne a scroll with writing on the inside and on the back, sealed with seven seals.
Here is the introduction of a series of judgments that’s coming upon the whole earth and those who dwell in it.
The phrase “Then I saw in the right hand of the One seated on the throne a scroll” is in reference to God the Father.
Seven seals refer to seven different judgments that are on the scroll.
2 I also saw a mighty angel proclaiming in a loud voice, “Who is worthy to open the scroll and break its seals?”
The phrase “Who is worthy to open the scroll” does not suggest that Almighty God cannot open it but it is in reference to the One who was victorious over sin and death. Sin, because He was tempted by Satan yet, did not sin (Matthew 4:1-11; Hebrews 4:15) and death because He rose from the grave (Acts 2:24). Jesus Christ is worthy to open the scroll because He alone was victorious and that victory came through His death and resurrection.
3 But no one in heaven or on earth or under the earth was able to open the scroll or even to look in it.
No one was worthy because no one in heaven could have done what Jesus did on earth, that is the cross.
All judgment and authority were given to Jesus from the Father to judge the earth for rejecting Him and for worshipping Satan and his demons through idols, witchcraft and worldly lust.
4 And I cried and cried because no one was found worthy to open the scroll or even to look in it.
John, started to weep because no one was able to open the scroll and see what the Word of God was about to reveal.
The reason could be he thought that was because he saw that God seated on the throne couldn’t open it. It still didn’t dawn on him the full scope of the power of the cross regarding the end time judgments until it was revealed to him.
5 Then one of the elders said to me, “Stop crying. Look! The Lion from the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has been victorious so that He may open the scroll and its seven seals.”
One of the 24 elders proclaimed to John that the reason why no one could open the scroll was because it was only reserved for Jesus Christ who was slaughtered for the sins of the world and was victorious.