13 Later they sent some of the Pharisees and Herodians to Jesus to catch him in his words. 14 They came to him and said, “Teacher, we know that you are a man of integrity. You aren’t swayed by others, because you pay no attention to who they are; but you teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. Is it right to pay the imperial tax to Caesar or not? 15 Should we pay or shouldn’t we?”
But Jesus knew their hypocrisy. “Why are you trying to trap me?” he asked. “Bring me a denarius and let me look at it.” 16 They brought the coin, and he asked them, “Whose image is this? And whose inscription?”
“Caesar’s,” they replied.
17 Then Jesus said to them, “Give back to Caesar what is Caesar’s and to God what is God’s.” And they were amazed at him.
The Jewish leaders only wanted to serve themselves and not God. They wanted to trap Jesus to have Him arrested because He was convicting all of them of their selfish ambitions. The Jewish people were under the Roman government/Caesar and they had to live according to their occupiers’ rules which they didn’t like because it required them to pay taxes to Caesar.
The question that they asked Jesus was a trap because any answer He would give would go against Him. Boy, were they in for a surprise with the answer that Jesus was going to give them. He not only got out off their trap but showed them how far from God they really were.
The coin that had Caesar’s image meant that it belonged to him, referring to taxes, but there should have been a follow-up question with the Jewish leaders to Jesus’ answer “Give back to Caesar what is Caesar’s and to God what is God’s.”
They should have asked, “what should we give to God?” and Jesus would have answered, “whose image do you have?”, they would have answered, “God’s”. Jesus would have replied, “then give what belongs to God, your lives and live according to His will not according to yours.”
Remember, we are all created in God’s image and our purpose is to believe in the Lord Jesus Christ and live for Him.
So God created mankind in his own image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them.