Verse By Verse Through Revelation (21:14-18)

the new city Jerusalem

14 The city wall had twelve foundations, and the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb were on the foundations.

Why were the apostles’ names on the foundations of the new city, Jerusalem? They were the ones that the Lord sent out into the whole world to preach Jesus Christ, death and resurrection, that whosoever believes in Him will not perish but pass from death to life.

The Gospel [the good news] holds the rest of the Scriptures up because Jesus was the fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecies.  

All of the Scripture hinges on the coming Messiah and His atoning sacrifice. Everything in the Word of God is about Jesus Christ.

Luke 24:26-27

26 Wasn’t it necessary for the Messiah to suffer these things and enter into his glory?” 27 Then beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he interpreted for them the things concerning himself in all the Scriptures.


15 The one who spoke with me had a golden measuring rod to measure the city, its gates, and its wall.

The angel who was showing John the visions was now going to unveil the size of this massive city. 


16 The city is laid out in a square; its length and width are the same. He measured the city with the rod at 12,000 stadia. Its length, width, and height are equal.

There are 600 ft per 1 stadia so the length would be 1,379 miles in either direction [north or south], and the same miles across [west and east]. The wall’s hight will be 1,379 miles up as it includes hight being the same measurement. 

To put it into perspective, from Miami Florida to New York City is about 1,278 miles. Using that length and putting it into a square and then straight up is how this massive city will be like. 


17 Then he measured its wall, 144 cubits according to human measurement, which the angel used.

One cubit is 1.5 ft. so 144 cubits will be 216 ft. The walls are going to be 216 ft thick. Not only is the new city massive but it will be impenetrable. The huge city and its thickness reveal that it is impossible for sin and anything unclean to ever enter there. It also shows the strength of the city [security]. 


18 The building material of its wall was jasper, and the city was pure gold clear as glass.

Gold and precious stones in Scripture represents kingship, sovereignty, majesty, power, and wealth. It also represents righteousness [good works]

1 Corinthians 3:12-13

12 If anyone builds on the foundation with gold, silver, costly stones, wood, hay, or straw, 13 each one’s work will become obvious. For the day will disclose it, because it will be revealed by fire; the fire will test the quality of each one’s work.

the city was pure gold clear as glass. It will reflect the glory of God who will be our light source. 

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Verse By Verse Through Revelation (21:9-13)

Gate

9 Then one of the seven angels, who had held the seven bowls filled with the seven last plagues, came and spoke with me: “Come, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb.”

The angel who was in charge of bringing one of the worst plagues on the earth [see Revelation 16:17-21] came to John to reveal the bride.

The Bride refers to the saints [Matthew 22:1-14] and the Lamb is Jesus Christ [John 1:29].

The imagery between the saints and Jesus Christ as a husband and wife shows that we are one with Christ [the Spirit of God living in us], we will be with Him for all eternity, and see Him as He is. Like a wife who leaves her old life behind to start a new one with her husband, so we are leaving this sinful world to start a new life in the new earth with Jesus Christ.


10 He then carried me away in the Spirit to a great, high mountain and showed me the holy city, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God

He then carried me away in the Spirit refers to the vision that the LORD showed him of the holy city made from the hands of God coming down to the new earth.


11 arrayed with God’s glory. Her radiance was like a precious jewel, like a jasper stone, clear as crystal.

The holy city, the new Jerusalem will contain the glory of the LORD. God’s light and power will illuminate the whole city. The city will shine like precious jewels.


12 The city had a massive high wall, with twelve gates. Twelve angels were at the gates; the names of the twelve tribes of Israel’s sons were inscribed on the gates.

The huge wall and the twelve gates bring to reality that not everyone can just walk in and enter it. To have access through the gates is by being born again through faith in Jesus Christ.

the names of the twelve tribes of Israel’s sons were inscribed on the gates. The gates have the names of Jacob’s sons because through them [the 12 sons of Jacob] the children of Israel [the Jewish people] came into being.  God changed Jacob’s name to Israel.


13 There were three gates on the east, three gates on the north, three gates on the south, and three gates on the west.

For the names corresponding to every three gates on all four sides read Ezekiel 48:30-34.

The new city will have access on all four sides for the saints who will come in to bring glory to the Lord.

Verse By Verse Through Revelation (21:6-8)

i-am-alpha-and-omega

6 Then he said to me, “It is done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. I will freely give to the thirsty from the spring of the water of life.

Then he said to me, “It is done! God’s judgment on a sinful world has been completed and justice was served.

I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. This is a title that only belongs to Yahweh [which means I AM the Eternal One found in Exodus 3] and here in the Book of Revelation it belongs to Jesus Christ [Revelation 1:17-18]

I will freely give to the thirsty from the spring of the water of life. Salvation is always free by placing one’s faith in the work of Jesus’ death and resurrection for one’s sins.


7 The one who conquers will inherit these things, and I will be his God, and he will be my son.

The one who conquers is in reference to conquering a sinful lifestyle [see the list in verse 8], a life lived without God in their hearts. Without the Holy Spirit in one’s heart, there will be no restraint in curving the sinful craving.

and I will be his God, and he will be my son. Salvation is not only acquiring eternal life but it is also being adopted into God’s family.


8 But the cowards, faithless, detestable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars—their share will be in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is the second death.”

1. Cowards-Those who profess to be Christians but are ashamed of the Word of God by compromising the truth. False converts.

2. Faithless-A person who chooses not to believe in the God who is revealed in Scripture. Instead, they live for the pleasures of this world.

3. Detestable-Living a life of Atheism, Homosexuality, Beastiality, Abortionist, Trans-Gender, and Witchcraft.

3. Murderers-Killing people for hatred of all kinds, money, and revenge.

4. Sexually Immoral-Sexual lust which includes Homosexuality, Adultery, Fornication, and Beastiality.

5. Sorcerers-Those who practice witchcraft of any kind which includes New Age, Satanism, Voodoo, Santeria [a Spanish form of Voodoo], and Catholicism [prayers for the dead].

Deuteronomy 18:9-12

9 “When you enter the land the Lord your God is giving you, do not imitate the detestable customs of those nations. 10 No one among you is to sacrifice his son or daughter in the fire, practice divination, tell fortunes, interpret omens, practice sorcery, 11 cast spells, consult a medium or a spiritist, or inquire of the dead. 12 Everyone who does these acts is detestable to the Lord, and the Lord your God is driving out the nations before you because of these detestable acts.

Insight: Idolatry 

Anyone or anything that takes preeminence over Christ. 

6. Idolaters-Any religion that worships statues and prays to them. The worship of money, self, any type of worldly material, leaders, and spiritual leaders can become idolatry. 

7. Liars-Those who always bend the truth to get their way. That type of language is Satanic

John 8:44

44 You are of your father the devil, and you want to carry out your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he tells a lie, he speaks from his own nature, because he is a liar and the father of lies.

Everyone who lives a life from the list mentioned above, will at death be thrown into the Lake of Fire for rejecting the only person that can forgive sins, Jesus Christ.