Verse By Verse Through Revelation (3:1-5)


being in darkness
A person that’s spiritually dead and still in darkness that hasn’t repented and believed in Jesus as Lord and Savior


1 “Write to the angel of the church in Sardis:
“The One who has the seven spirits of God and the seven stars says: I know your works; you have a reputation for being alive, but you are dead.

The church in Sardis seemed to those around them that they were very active in the activities of God but the Lord looks at the heart. The outward appearance seemed alive but inside their hearts, they were dying.

2 Be alert and strengthen what remains, which is about to die, for I have not found your works complete before My God.

The word alert in Greek means to be vigilant or watchful spiritually which is pertaining to obedience to God’s Word. The reason Jesus says this is because Satan looks for those who are asleep and not living according to God’s Word. Just like a lion which looks for the weakest prey amongst the group, so does Satan among those who profess faith in Jesus (1 Peter 5:8).

3 Remember, therefore, what you have received and heard; keep it, and repent. But if you are not alert, I will come like a thief, and you have no idea at what hour I will come against you.

Here we have those who are asleep spiritually by living in sin and Jesus is warning them to repent of their sinful lifestyle or else judgment will come upon them when they least expect it.

4 But you have a few people in Sardis who have not defiled their clothes, and they will walk with Me in white, because they are worthy.

This verse gives a contrast between those who are not alert to those who are. Apparently, the ones who are alert are those who have been washed by the blood of the Lamb. Only those who have been saved are given white clothes which make them worthy because of their faith in Jesus.

The logical conclusion is that if alertness describes having white clothes (sins were forgiven) then the opposite is true. 

There are some in the church who have not truly placed their faith in Jesus Christ yet and it is evident by their lifestyle of sin and unrepentant heart.

Not everyone who goes to church is saved but the Holy Spirit is dealing with them, wanting them to repent and get saved before it’s too late.

5 In the same way, the victor will be dressed in white clothes, and I will never erase his name from the book of life but will acknowledge his name before My Father and before His angels.

The words “victor & white clothes” mean the same thing, salvation. Once a person puts their trust and faith in Jesus Christ, their names will never be removed from the Book of Life.


Verse By Verse Through Revelation (2:26-29)


26 The one who is victorious and keeps My works to the end: I will give him authority over the nations

A professing Christian is victorious by living according to holy scripture and those with genuine faith will endure according to Philippians 1:6 which says, “6 I am sure of this, that He who started a good work in you will carry it on to completion until the day of Christ Jesus.”

The phrase “I will give him authority over the nations” could be talking about Jesus’ millennial reign which the saints are going to participate in His earthly kingdom. Their reward seems to involve authority.

27 and he will shepherd them with an iron scepter; he will shatter them like pottery— just as I have received this from My Father.

Shepherd refers to leadership and iron scepter means great power and authority which Jesus’ saints will have.

Jesus received all authority from the Father and can give authority to His saints to rule alongside Him in righteousness.

28 I will also give him the morning star.

Morning star in Revelation 22:16 refers to Jesus and in Isaiah 14:12 it refers to lucifer which is a Latin translation of morning star. In the context morning star refers to authority just like Lucifer had before his fall. Those who are victorious will shine like the morning star with the authority given by Jesus Christ.

29 “Anyone who has an ear should listen to what the Spirit says to the churches.

Again, the Lord is trying to let the readers know the importance in obeying the Word of God. When we read the Bible every day, we must pay close attention to what the Spirit of God is telling us through His Word.

Biblical Q&A Form: A Question On Hebrews 1:5-6,9. Was Jesus An Angel and Was He Called The Son Of God Before His Birth?


Anonymous asks:

Please help me understand several passages in Hebrews 1. In v.5, it sounds like Jesus has not always been the Son of God (“today I have begotten you”, “he shall be to me a son”. Verses 6 and 9 also seem to imply that He was one of the angels before (“Let all God’s angels worship him”, “your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness beyond your companions”).

Personally, I believe that Jesus, like the Father, has no beginning and has always been God. But I presume that the verses I quoted above are sometimes used by people who believe otherwise. If you can also share Scripture passages that support what I believe, I would appreciate it very much.

Many thanks, and God bless you.

Thank you for your questions, I hope my answer(s) help.

I will first answer your question about verse 5 in Hebrews 1 which says, “5 For to which of the angels did He ever say, You are My Son; today I have become Your Father, or again, I will be His Father, and He will be My Son?

The phrase “For to which of the angels did He ever say” clearly distinguishes Jesus from an angel because it is implying that God didn’t address any angel to be His Son.

Angels are servants of the Most High who are to do God’s will as seen in Hebrews 1:14 which says, “14 Are they not all ministering spirits sent out to serve those who are going to inherit salvation?”

The Son of God (Jesus) is not a servant or a ministering spirit but an heir of all things which the Father will give Him according to John 3:35 which says, “The Father loves the Son and has given all things into His hands.”

The Son of God is a title that was given to Jesus at His incarnation or birth. That title simply refers to His deity because Son gives the meaning of having the same nature as God as seen in John 5:17-18 which says, “17 But Jesus responded to them, “My Father is still working, and I am working also.” 18 This is why the Jews began trying all the more to kill Him: Not only was He breaking the Sabbath, but He was even calling God His own Father, making Himself equal with God.”

I think the passage in verse 5 is very clear that the title Son of God was a title that Jesus did not always have but was given at His birth. Jesus’ title or how He was called that’s revealed in holy scripture before His birth would be “The Word”, referring to The Word of God as seen in John 1:1 which says, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”

The title Son of God was also to show His humility, obedience and His total dependence to the Father while on earth. All of God’s names are titles that reflect His character and those titles in the Triune God reveal His purposes.  

  • God the Father-Elohim: Creator of the heavens and the earth (the universe)
  • God the Son-Jesus: The Savior of the world
  • God the Holy Spirit-The Counselor: Convicting the world of sin and of righteousness.

Just because Jesus didn’t have the title the Son of God before His incarnation didn’t mean that He wasn’t God. In Romans 10, Jesus was called Yahweh since the word Lord was in reference to Joel 2:32 which meant Yahweh and Lord/Yahweh was attributed to Jesus by saying Jesus is Lord or in other words, Jesus is Yahweh.

Hebrews 1:6,9

6 When He again brings His firstborn into the world, He says, And all God’s angels must worship Him.

9 You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; this is why God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of joy rather than Your companions.

Verse 6 doesn’t imply that Jesus was an angel but actually strengthens the point that Jesus is God because God commands all of the angels to worship Him. Angels aren’t supposed to be worshiped, only God can be worshiped as seen in Revelation 22:8-9 which says, “8 I, John, am the one who heard and saw these things. When I heard and saw them, I fell down to worship at the feet of the angel who had shown them to me. 9 But he said to me, “Don’t do that! I am a fellow slave with you, your brothers the prophets, and those who keep the words of this book. Worship God.”

Jesus couldn’t have been an angel because God Himself commands all of His angels to worship Jesus and then in verse 9 tells you why because He is called God.

Verse By Verse Through Revelation (2:21-25)


Jezebel spirit


Modern day Jezebel-Victora Osteen self-centered worship that excludes God and exalts humanity. Here is a classic illustration of Satan’s “deep” things taught by Victoria.

A deceptive message in her own words:

“I just want to encourage every one of us to realize when we obey God, we’re not doing it for God—I mean, that’s one way to look at it—we’re doing it for ourselves, because God takes pleasure when we’re happy. That’s the thing that gives Him the greatest joy. So, I want you to know this morning: Just do good for your own self. Do good because God wants you to be happy. When you come to church, when you worship Him, you’re not doing it for God really. You’re doing it for yourself, because that’s what makes God happy. Amen?”

21 I gave her time to repent, but she does not want to repent of her sexual immorality.

God being so merciful is giving the false prophetess who in the spirit of Jezebel is deceiving some in the church and is giving her time to repent before judgment is pronounced. It seems though that her fate is sealed because she has allowed her heart to become calloused.

22 Look! I will throw her into a sickbed and those who commit adultery with her into great tribulation, unless they repent of her practices.

The Greek word for sickbed is kline which is a portable bed for the sick to be carried since they couldn’t walk.

The disease that the Lord is going to inflict is one that will make her disabled and make those who got deceived by her to go through extreme tribulation. The good news is that repentance is still offered to those who follow her.

23 I will kill her children with the plague. Then all the churches will know that I am the One who examines minds and hearts, and I will give to each of you according to your works

If those in the church who are deceived by the false prophetess continue without stopping and repenting, then death will come to them by means of a plague.

The word plague in Greek is thanatos and it has a double meaning for death which is physical and spiritual according to Strong’s#2288.

When a professing Christian is deceived and doesn’t heed the conviction of the Holy Spirit to turn back to the truth which they left, that person could die physically and has long been dead spiritually by evidence of non-repentance. A Christian cannot lose their salvation but one who doesn’t repent shows a vacancy of the Holy Spirit in their heart.

God repays a person for the lifestyle that they have chosen to live, a life with Him or a life apart from Him. No one can hide anything from the Lord and His judgments are a warning for those to take heed and hold tight to the truth of the gospel.

24 I say to the rest of you in Thyatira, who do not hold this teaching, who haven’t known the deep things of Satan—as they say—I do not put any other burden on you.

Jesus addresses those who haven’t believed in her lies which false doctrine here is attributed to Satan’s secret knowledge which simply means a different interpretation of holy scripture that not many Christians know about. Satan’s deep things or teachings are only disclosed to those who have a greater potential of being deceived.

25 But hold on to what you have until I come.

Christians must not abandon the truth at all cost until we meet with Jesus, either in death or in His second coming. The only way to serve Jesus is by clinging to the truth that’s found in scripture. Everything that we hear must be put on the scale of scripture to see if it meets the standard of the truth.

Verse By Verse Through Revelation (2:16-20)

jesus shines like the sun

16 Therefore repent! Otherwise, I will come to you quickly and fight against them with the sword of My mouth.

Jesus is warning those who are worshiping idols by participating in the rituals and engaging in sexual immorality which is the snare that Satan uses to hook them into idolatry.

The phrase “fight against them with the sword of My mouth” refers to Revelation 19:15 which says, 15 A sharp sword came from His mouth so that He might strike the nations with it. He will shepherd them with an iron scepter. He will also trample the winepress of the fierce anger of God, the Almighty.

With His spoken Word He will destroy and kill those who are against Him by worshiping demons through idols (Revelation 9:20), living a life that’s against holy scripture and an unwillingness to submit to Jesus Christ.

17 “Anyone who has an ear should listen to what the Spirit says to the churches. I will give the victor some of the hidden manna. I will also give him a white stone, and on the stone a new name is inscribed that no one knows except the one who receives it.

When the Holy Spirit speaks, one has to give primary attention to God who is the source of our life. The phrase “I will give the victor some of the hidden manna” refers to those with genuine faith and manna in the gospel of John equates to Christ Himself. Hidden manna could also mean that in heaven we will fully know Jesus Christ and certain things that weren’t revealed to us here pertaining to our lives on earth as stated in 1 Corinthians 13:12 which says, For now we see indistinctly, as in a mirror, but then face to face. Now I know in part, but then I will know fully, as I am fully known.

Our names being engraved in a white stone gives a picture that our new name will reflect our new nature in Christ, that of sinlessness, white being a picture of holiness. Our names being in the stone shows that our foundation is Jesus our Rock. Every believer will have a name that no one else knows so that the believer will have that special intimacy with Christ who will be the only one to know.

18 “Write to the angel of the church in Thyatira:
“The Son of God, the One whose eyes are like a fiery flame and whose feet are like fine bronze, says:

Jesus Christ in His full glory reflects His power and greatness-see notes on Revelation 1:14 & 15.

19 I know your works—your love, faithfulness, service, and endurance. Your last works are greater than the first.

Here Jesus reveals that He pays close attention with great interest to His servants’ walk and obedience to the Word of God. He tells them that their faithfulness towards His will and endurance through tribulation without wavering has surpassed that of the beginning of their faith in Christ.

20 But I have this against you: You tolerate the woman Jezebel, who calls herself a prophetess and teaches and deceives My slaves to commit sexual immorality and to eat meat sacrificed to idols.

Jesus points out that they do have a major problem. It seems that their political correctness and their unwillingness to call out a false teacher for what they are has infected the church with false doctrine and spiritually destroying some.

When a believer encounters someone who claims to be a Christian who is teaching or promoting heresy, if we don’t warn other Christians and expose that person as a false teacher for being a wolf among the sheep simply because we don’t want to offend, then we are endangering our brothers and sisters in Christ. False doctrine is like a small flame that starts at first but if left alone without putting it out it will burn down the whole house with everyone in it.  We cannot tolerate false teaching period. It doesn’t matter who the person is, the truth must be primary. Without it there’s no point to the message being proclaimed.