Verse By Verse Through Revelation (3:1-5)

being in darkness
A person that’s spiritually dead and still in the darkness that hasn’t repented and believed in Jesus as Lord and Savior

1 “Write to the angel of the church in Sardis:
“The One who has the seven spirits of God and the seven stars says: I know your works; you have a reputation for being alive, but you are dead.

The church in Sardis seemed to those around them that they were very active in the activities of God but the Lord looks at the heart. Their outward appearance seemed alive but inside their hearts, they were dying.

2 Be alert and strengthen what remains, which is about to die, for I have not found your works complete before My God.

The word alert in Greek means to be vigilant or watchful spiritually which is pertaining to obedience to God’s Word. The reason Jesus says this is because Satan looks for those who are asleep and not living according to God’s Word. Just like a lion which looks for the weakest prey amongst the group, so does Satan among those who profess faith in Jesus (1 Peter 5:8).

3 Remember, therefore, what you have received and heard; keep it, and repent. But if you are not alert, I will come like a thief, and you have no idea at what hour I will come against you.

Here we have those who are asleep spiritually by living in sin and Jesus is warning them to repent of their sinful lifestyle or else judgment will come upon them when they least expect it.

4 But you have a few people in Sardis who have not defiled their clothes, and they will walk with Me in white, because they are worthy.

This verse gives a contrast between those who are not alert to those who are. Apparently, the ones who are alert are those who have been washed by the blood of the Lamb. Only those who have been saved are given white clothes which make them worthy because of their faith in Jesus.

The logical conclusion is that if alertness describes having white clothes (sins were forgiven) then the opposite is true. 

There are some in the church who have not truly placed their faith in Jesus Christ yet and it is evident by their lifestyle of sin and unrepentant heart.

Not everyone who goes to church is saved but the Holy Spirit is dealing with them, wanting them to repent and get saved before it’s too late.

5 In the same way, the victor will be dressed in white clothes, and I will never erase his name from the book of life but will acknowledge his name before My Father and before His angels.

The words “victor & white clothes” mean the same thing, salvation. Once a person puts their trust and faith in Jesus Christ, their names will never be removed from the Book of Life.

The “verse by verse through Revelation” series was made into a book. If you are interested in having a hardcopy or in an ebook format click: Bookstore


Verse By Verse Through Revelation (2:26-29)


26 The one who is victorious and keeps My works to the end: I will give him authority over the nations

A professing Christian is victorious by living according to holy scripture and those with genuine faith will endure according to Philippians 1:6 which says, “6 I am sure of this, that He who started a good work in you will carry it on to completion until the day of Christ Jesus.”

The phrase “I will give him authority over the nations” could be talking about Jesus’ millennial reign in which the saints are going to participate in His earthly kingdom. Their reward seems to involve authority.

27 and he will shepherd them with an iron scepter; he will shatter them like pottery— just as I have received this from My Father.

Shepherd refers to leadership and iron scepter means great power and authority which Jesus’ saints will have.

Jesus received all authority from the Father and can give authority to His saints to rule alongside Him in righteousness.

28 I will also give him the morning star.

The morning star in Revelation 22:16 refers to Jesus and in Isaiah 14:12 it refers to lucifer which is a Latin translation of morning star. In this context morning star refers to authority just like Lucifer had before his fall. Those who are victorious will shine like the morning star with the authority given by Jesus Christ.

29 “Anyone who has an ear should listen to what the Spirit says to the churches.

Again, the Lord is trying to let the readers know the importance of obeying the Word of God. When we read the Bible every day, we must pay close attention to what the Spirit of God is telling us through His Word.

The “verse by verse through Revelation” series was made into a book. If you are interested in having a hardcopy or in an ebook format click: Bookstore

Biblical Q&A Form: A Question On Hebrews 1:5-6,9. Was Jesus An Angel and Was He Called The Son Of God Before His Birth?


Anonymous asks:

Please help me understand several passages in Hebrews 1. In v.5, it sounds like Jesus has not always been the Son of God (“today I have begotten you”, “he shall be to me a son”. Verses 6 and 9 also seem to imply that He was one of the angels before (“Let all God’s angels worship him”, “your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness beyond your companions”).

Personally, I believe that Jesus, like the Father, has no beginning and has always been God. But I presume that the verses I quoted above are sometimes used by people who believe otherwise. If you can also share Scripture passages that support what I believe, I would appreciate it very much.

Many thanks, and God bless you.

Thank you for your questions, I hope my answer(s) help.

I will first answer your question about verse 5 in Hebrews 1 which says, “5 For to which of the angels did He ever say, You are My Son; today I have become Your Father, or again, I will be His Father, and He will be My Son?

The phrase “For to which of the angels did He ever say” clearly distinguishes Jesus from an angel because it is implying that God didn’t address any angel to be His Son.

Angels are servants of the Most High who are to do God’s will as seen in Hebrews 1:14 which says, “14 Are they not all ministering spirits sent out to serve those who are going to inherit salvation?”

The Son of God (Jesus) is not a servant or a ministering spirit but an heir of all things which the Father will give Him according to John 3:35 which says, “The Father loves the Son and has given all things into His hands.”

The Son of God is a title that was given to Jesus at His incarnation or birth. That title simply refers to His deity because Son gives the meaning of having the same nature as God as seen in John 5:17-18 which says, “17 But Jesus responded to them, “My Father is still working, and I am working also.” 18 This is why the Jews began trying all the more to kill Him: Not only was He breaking the Sabbath, but He was even calling God His own Father, making Himself equal with God.”

I think the passage in verse 5 is very clear that the title Son of God was a title that Jesus did not always have but was given at His birth. Jesus’ title or how He was called that’s revealed in holy scripture before His birth would be “The Word”, referring to The Word of God as seen in John 1:1 which says, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”

The title Son of God was also to show His humility, obedience and His total dependence to the Father while on earth. All of God’s names are titles that reflect His character and those titles in the Triune God reveal His purposes.  

  • God the Father-Elohim: Creator of the heavens and the earth (the universe)
  • God the Son-Jesus: The Savior of the world
  • God the Holy Spirit-The Counselor: Convicting the world of sin and of righteousness.

Just because Jesus didn’t have the title the Son of God before His incarnation didn’t mean that He wasn’t God. In Romans 10, Jesus was called Yahweh since the word Lord was in reference to Joel 2:32 which meant Yahweh and Lord/Yahweh was attributed to Jesus by saying Jesus is Lord or in other words, Jesus is Yahweh.

Hebrews 1:6,9

6 When He again brings His firstborn into the world, He says, And all God’s angels must worship Him.

9 You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; this is why God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of joy rather than Your companions.

Verse 6 doesn’t imply that Jesus was an angel but actually strengthens the point that Jesus is God because God commands all of the angels to worship Him. Angels aren’t supposed to be worshiped, only God can be worshiped as seen in Revelation 22:8-9 which says, “8 I, John, am the one who heard and saw these things. When I heard and saw them, I fell down to worship at the feet of the angel who had shown them to me. 9 But he said to me, “Don’t do that! I am a fellow slave with you, your brothers the prophets, and those who keep the words of this book. Worship God.”

Jesus couldn’t have been an angel because God Himself commands all of His angels to worship Jesus and then in verse 9 tells you why because He is called God.